Sunday, June 19, 2022

Kama Kalpa; or, the Hindu Ritual of Love by Paul Thomas

Kama Kalpa; or, the Hindu Ritual of Love by Paul Thomas

Kama Kalpa; or, the Hindu Ritual of Love 

by Paul Thomas

 

 

FOREWORD BY OLIVIA SALTER


In a world filled with diverse cultures and traditions, the exploration of ancient customs and rituals has always been a captivating endeavor. Amidst this tapestry of knowledge, the Hindu tradition stands as a beacon of wisdom, with their rituals instilling a profound understanding of love and spirituality. It is within this context that I am delighted to introduce Paul Thomas's insightful work, "Kama Kalpa, or the Hindu Ritual of Love."

Thomas's meticulous research and passionate exploration of the Hindu ritual of love reveal a captivating journey into the depths of human emotions. He seamlessly navigates the intricate tapestry that is Kama Kalpa, offering readers a comprehensive understanding of its principles, practices, and significance within the Hindu faith.

Throughout this compelling work, Thomas paints a vibrant picture of devotion, sensuality, and spirituality intertwined within the Hindu ritual of love. From exploring the sacred teachings of the Kama Sutra to understanding the rituals that enrich intimate relationships, this book captures the essence of an ancient tradition that has both captivated and guided generations of individuals seeking love and fulfillment.

What sets "Kama Kalpa, or the Hindu Ritual of Love," apart is Thomas's ability to bridge the gap between scholarly analysis and accessible writing. His words evoke a sense of reverence and admiration for the rituals explored while remaining inclusive and inviting to readers from all walks of life. Through his engaging prose, he invites us to explore the depths of our own relationships and encourages us to embrace a balanced approach to love where physical connection is harmoniously intertwined with emotional and spiritual growth.

As we navigate the complexities of modern relationships, delving into the ancient wisdom of the Hindu ritual of love provides a refreshing perspective. Thomas's book serves as a roadmap, guiding us through the intricacies of the Kama Kalpa and shedding light on practices that have the potential to enlighten and transform our lives.

It is my sincere hope that this book serves as a catalyst for contemplation, self-discovery, and a deeper appreciation for the rich heritage of the Hindu tradition. May readers embark on a profound journey that unravels the layers of love and spirituality and leads them to a more holistic understanding of themselves and their intimate connections.

In closing, I extend my heartfelt gratitude to Paul Thomas for the gift of this enlightening work. May "Kama Kalpa, or the Hindu Ritual of Love, inspire readers to embrace the beauty of love, navigate their relationships with grace and mindfulness, and seek a greater understanding of the profound connection between the physical, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of love.

Olivia Salter

06/19/2022

 
A SURVEY OF THE CUSTOMS, FESTIVALS, RITUALS AND BELIEFS CONCERNING MARRIAGE, MORALS, WOMEN, THE ART AND SCIENCE OF LOVE AND SEX SYMBOLISM IN RELIGION IN INDIA FROM REMOTE ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT DAY


Based on Ancient Sanskrit Classics, Kama Sutra, Aiianga Ranga, Rati Rahasya, and modem works.

Part 1. Woman through the ages. The age of mothers. Marriage in Vedic times. Women and marriage in the Epic period. Medieval morality. Women in modern India

Part 2. Woman, her nature and power. The nature of woman. Power of woman

Part 3. Powetry, art and science of love. Love poetry. Literature on love. Love as a fine art. Dangers of seduction. The Courtesan and her wiles: a warning to men

Part 4. Erotic element in religion. Lingam and the family of Shiva -- Saktas --- Love as God -- Temple, art Devadasis and Bacchanalian festivals
 

With coloured frontispiece and 224 line and half-tone reproductions of masterpieces of Indian sculpture and painting.


CONTENTS



PART ONE


WOMAN THROUGH THE AGES

Chapter One THE AGE OF MOTHERS


Page

I


The matriarchal phase of social development — Mother right in ancient India — Uddalaka Swetaketu and Dirghatamas, ancient law-givers — Women of the Land of Five Rivers — Polyandrous practices — Draupadi, common wife of the Pandava brothers — Mother right in modem India — The Nayars — Exalted position of the mother in ancient India.


Chapter Two MARRIAGE IN VEDIC TIMES 8

Women of the Rig Veda — Family life in Vedic India — The marriage ceremony — Coming of the bride to her new home — Variations in ancient marriage customs — Story of Urvasi and Pmruravas — Ushas, the goddess of dawn.

Chapter Three WOMEN AND MARRIAGE IN THE EPIC PERIOD . . . . 15

The MahabJiarata and Ramayana — Grihya Sutras — Swayamvara form of marriage — Swayamvara of Damayanti — Marriage of Draupadi — Marriage of Savitri — Marriage by capture — Marriage by contract — Story of Kunti and the sun-god — Levirate — Gandharva or love-marriage — Contempt for conventional marriage — Marriage by purchase — Widow-burning in epic period — The character of Draupadi — Art of pleasing husbands — Sita, heroine of Ramayana — Rama and Sita — Kaikeyi, child wife of Dasaratha — Morality preached in Ramayana.

Chapter Four MEDIEVAL MORALITY . . . . . . • • 33

Low status of women in medieval India — Aryan pride of race — Medieval law-givers on women — Story of Anasuya — Child-marriage — The eight forms of marriage — Sati — Position of widows.


Chapter Five WOMEN IN MODERN INDIA , . . . . . 40

Position of women during the Muslim period — British influence on Indian social system — Widow-marriage — Female education — The Sarda Act — Modem attitude towards music and dancing — Role of Indian women in the Home Rule Movement — Marriage in Modern India — Co-education and love marriage — Inter-communal and inter-caste marriage — The dowry system — The joint family system.


PART TWO

WOMAN : HER NATURE AND POWER

Chapter Six THE NATURE OF WOMAN 48

Two opposing attitudes towards women — Woman as goddess — The mother — Stories of Parasurama and Jamadagni, Shiratkaru and Gautama — Status of the wife — Wife is the Home ’ — Cehbacy condemned — Ascetic view of woman —  Story of the moon-god and his wives — Man or woman, who is better

viii

Chapter Seven POWER OF WOMAN . . 55

Active principle as feminine in Hindu mysticism — Woman as a fruitful source of strife — Story of Thilottliama and the two demons — The myth of Mohini — Story of Rishyasringa and the temptress — Viswamitra and Menaka - Occult powers obtained through celibacy — Woman and asceticism — Loyalty to husband, the strength of woman — Occult powers obtained through devotion to husband — The position of matron — Devayani and her doting father — Erudition of the lady Sulabha.


PART THREE

POETRY, ART AND SCIENCE OF LOVE

Chapter Eight LOVE POETRY

Love and devotion, the inspiring sources of poetry and love stories from the epics —
Kalidasa's Shakuntala — Bhavabhuti's Malati-Madhava — Bana — Nandin-- Mayura — Description of wild forest scenery.

Chapter Nine LITERATURE ON LOVE

The four objects of life — Kama or pleasure — Love as the greatest of pleasure — The divine origin of literature on love — Datlaka and the courtesans of Pataliputra — Vatsyayana's Kama Sufra — 'I'lie greatness of Vatsyayana — Koka Pandit’s Raii Raliasya — Story of Koka Pandit and the Yakshi — kalyanamalla's  Ananga Raiiga.

Chapter Ten LOVE AS A FINE ART 77

The sixty-four fine arts — The language of signs — The four types of women ; Padmini, Chitrini, Sankhini and Hastini — The four types of men — Chandrakala or erogenous zones in women — How to court a woman — The first night — Love making in certain places prohibited.

Chapter Eleven LOVE AS A FINE ART (Concluded) 83

The six auxiliary pleasures that lead to union — Twelve forms of embraces — the art of kissing — Eight kinds of nail marks — Love-bites — Four kinds of stroking — Erotic articulation — Postures — Unequal sexual combinations — Rejuvenation — Men successful with women — Women who fall an easy prey to men — Varying moods in women — Nayikas — Samudrika-Sastra or the science of auspicious marks — Characteristics of women of different provinces.

Chapter Twelve DANGERS OF SEDUCTION 94

Need for guarding women against seducers' — Duties of a wife — Devotion to domestic duties that preclude chances of temptation — Punishments for adultery and seduction — Charm of women and laws of the pious — Even gods prone to temptation — Vatsyayana on the waj’s of seducers — Love-sick souls — women are not easily seduced — Messengers employed by seducers — Women of different dispositions — Signs of indifference or discontent in women — Ways of royal seducers.


IX


Chapter Thirteen THE COURTESAN AND HER WILES: A WARNING TO MEN .....100

The position of courtesans in ancient and medieval India — courtesan’s morality and duty — The story of Kamamanjari — Bhartrihari on the wiles of courtesans — Some works on the profession' — Vatsy ay ana’s classification of courtesans of his time — Classification in the Mahabharata — Vatsyayana on the ways of the courtesan — The art and craft of winning and holding a lover — The art of getting rid of an unwanted lover — On repairing broken relations — Plight of the aged courtesan.


PART FOUR

EROTIC ELEMENT IN RELIGION

Chapter Fourteen LINGAM AND THE FAMILY OF SHIVA in Erotic element in archaic religions — Sex worship — The dual principle in universe — Shiva as the Lingam — The Lingayats — Marriage of Shiva — The family of Shiva.

Chapter Fifteen SAKTAS... 119

Sakta conception of Godhead as feminine — Sakti as the Divine Mother — Sakti as the deity of destruction — The two divisions of Saktas — The Tantras" — The Panchatatva form of sex worship — Its justification — Tantric ritual and its origin.

Chapter Sixteen LOVE AS GOD.... 127

Vishnu as the God of Love and grace — Ecstasy of Vaishnava saints — Erotic symbolism in Vaishnava worship — Krishna as the mystic lover — Song and dance as expression of religious fervour — Radha, the beloved of Krishna — Jayadeva’s Gita Govinda — Vallabhacharya — The sect of Maharajahs — The exalted position of the Maharajahs — Swaminarayana sect — Radha Vallabhis —
Sakhi Bhavas.

Chapter Seventeen TEMPLE ART, DEVADASIS AND BACCHANALIAN

FESTIVALS 139

Promiscuity in archaic religions — Erotic art in temples — Devadasis — Abbe Dubois on recruiting Devadasis for Venkateswara — The origin of Devadasis — Opposition by enlightened Hindus — Patronage of kings — Prohibition of the institution — Bacchanalian festivals — The Holi in India — The Bharani festival of old Cochin.




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

  1. KAMA GOD OF LOVE
  2. RATI GODDESS OF LOVE 
  3. A LOVING COUPLE 
  4. A FOND MOTHER WITH HER CHILD
  5. DANCERS
  6. COUPLE 
  7. A NOBLE WOMAN
  8. A LADY OF DISTINCTION 
  9. A MAID SERVANT
  10. A FEMALE ATTENDANT 
  11. A QUEEN 
  12. A GIRL OF NOBLE BIRTH
  13. AN ATTENDANT
  14. A PRINCESS
  15. A WOMAN OF NO DISTINCTION 
  16. A MAID SERVANT
  17. A NOBLE WOMAN
  18. SOUTHERN STYLE
  19. A ROYAL TYPE
  20. A MODEST TYPE
  21. HEAD OF PARVATI
  22. HEAD OF PARVATI
  23. A COMMON TYPE
  24. ANOBLEWOIAN
  25. A SERVANT GIRL 
  26. HEAD OF A GODDESS 
  27. NALA AND DAJIAYANTI LEAVING THEIR KINGDOM
  28. NALA PERSUADING DAJIAYANTI
  29. NALA PLAYING A PRACTICAL JOKE ON DAMAY DAMAYANTI 
  30. DAMAYANTI IN A DIFFIDENT MOOD
  31. EASTERN STYLE 
  32. THE KUSHAN STYLE
  33. LATAVESHTITA EMBRACE 
  34. EMBRACE
  35. AN APSARA OR CELESTIAL COURTESAN
  36. TOILET
  37. DECCANI LOVERS 
  38. HINDUSTANI LOVERS
  39. ROYAL LOVERS 
  40. A PRINCE AND HIS CONSORT ..
  41. OFFER OF A DRINK 
  42. OFFER OF A FLOWER 
  43. THE KISS: CENTRAL INDIAN STYLE
  44. LOVERS FROM THE NORTH 
  45. A COURTESAN
  46. HINDUSTANI LOVERS
  47. ROYAL LOVERS A PRINCE AND HIS CONSORT ..
  48. OFFER OF A DRINK OFFER OF A FL0VT;R
  49. THE KISS CENTR.AL INDIAN STYLE
  50. LOITERS FROM THE NORTH 
  51. A COURTESAN
  52. NAGA FIGURE 
  53. EQUESTRIAN LOVERS 
  54. FLYING CELESTIAL COUPLE
  55. AKUSHANTYPE
  56. TOILET
  57. THE KISS NORTHERN STYLE
  58. ROYAL LOVERS WITH ATTENDANTS
  59. SHAKUNTALA WITH HER TWO FRIENDS
  60. A DANCING GIRL
  61. LOVERS
  62. A YOUNG MOTHER FONDLING HER CHILD
  63. A PRINCE AND HIS LOVE
  64. INDRA AND HIS CONSORT
  65. TOILET
  66. TOILET
  67. RISHIPATNI
  68. A SMILING BEAUTY
  69. THE LOVE LETTER
  70. A DANCE POSE
  71. A CELESTIAL DANCER
  72. PILLAR WORK
  73. A LADY WITH A MIRROR
  74. A DANCE POSE
  75. BLISS
  76. SHIVA AND PARVATI IN AN AMOROUS POSE
  77. GANDHARVA
  78. DANCERS
  79. A KINNARA COUPLE
  80. COUPLE
  81. 75 LOVERS
  82. COUPLE
  83. THE MEETING
  84. THE APPROACH
  85. SHE IS TAKEN ABACK
  86. SHE IS STOPPED
  87. THE PROPOSAL
  88. SHE IS WON OVER OFFER OF A DRINK
  89. SHE IS NOW AMOROUS
  90. BUT RESENTS LIBERTIES
  91. A BIT OF COAXING
  92. SHE IS HIS NOW HIS
  93. THE BLISS
  94. So AN APSARA ANOINTING HER FEET
  95. MAITHUN FIGURESAN APSARA PAINTING HER EYES ..
  96. A DANCER IN A PECULIAR POSE
  97. COURTING
  98. LOVERS
  99. HAJURAHO TEMPLE SCULPTURES
  100. THE FAMOUS TEMPLES OF KHAJURAHO
  101. DETAILS OF SCULPTURES ON N. FACADE
  102. DETAILS OF SCULPTURES S.
  103. DETAILS OF SCULPTURES KANDARYA MAHADEO TEMPLE FACADE
  104. A MEDALLION DEPICTING A LOVE SCENE
  105. A DANCING GIRL
  106. A MEDALLION DEPICTING A COUPLE
  107. A NAGA AND NAGINI
  108. YOUNG LOVERS
  109. RAPTURE
  110. ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENTS
  111. A GROUP OF FEMALE FIGURES
  112. DRINKING PARTY
  113. ILLUSTRATIONS FROM GITAGOVINDA
  114. LOVE SCENES
  115. A YANTRA SHOWING LINGAM GUARDED BY NANDI AND A SERPENT
  116. A YANTRA SHOWING LINGAM GUARDED BY FOUR SERPENTS
  117. DANCE SEQUENCE
  118. A WOMAN PLAYING ON A DRUM
  119. WRITING A LOVE LETTER
  120. THE KISS
  121. A DANCER
  122. A CELESTIAL BEAUTY IN AN EXQUISITE DANCE POSE
  123. CELESTIAL BEAUTY FRESH AFTER BATH
  124. A COURTESANA DANCE POSE
  125. THE KISS
  126. TOILET
  127. TRIPURARI
  128. DECORATIVE SCULPTURES OF LOVE SCENES
  129. MARRIAGE OF SHIVA AND PARVATI
  130. LOVE SCENES
  131. SHIVA AND PARVATI
  132. ANOTHER REPRESENTATION OF SHIVA AND PARVATI
  133. A WOMAN OF FREE LOVE
  134. SHIVA AND PARVATI IN AN UNUSUAL POSE
  135. AN EXQUISITE DANCE POSE
  136. A DANCE POSE OF THE AGGRESSIVE TYPE
  137. THE BASHFUL BRIDE
  138. CHITRINI
  139. PADMINI
  140. HASTINI
  141. SHANKHINI
  142. UTKA
  143. SY'ADHINA PATIKA UTKA
  144. VIPRALABDHA
  145. MANINI
  146. UTKA WAITS IN A LONELY PLACE
  147. ABHISANDHITA KHANDITA
  148. A NABODHA CHAND ABHISARIKA
  149. ABHISARIKA VASAKA SAYA DUTIKA ..
  150. PRUSITA PREYASI ABHISARIKA
  151. VASAKA SAYA ABHISARIKA
  152. ABHISARIKA .
  153. VIBHASA RAGA VARARIRAGINI
  154. TODI RAGINI SAMBHOGA RAGINI . .
  155. RADHA AND KRISHNA IN THE FIELDS OF BRINDABAN KANADA RAGINI
  156. A RAGINI SWEET AS A LOVE SCENE
  157. A RAGA REPRESENTED AS A BATHING SCENE SORATH RAGINI
  158. THE FINAL LOOK OF SATISFACTION RADHA’S TOILET
  159. RAJPUT LOVERS DIPAKA RAGA
  160. A PRINCE PLAYING HOLI IN HIS HAREM RADHA AFTER HER BATH
  161. A PRINCE AND HIS CONSORT
  162. RADHA AND KRISHNA SHELTERING FROM RAIN TODI RAGINI
  163. A JEALOUS LADY UPBRAIDING HER LOVER WHO HAD EMBRACED HER
  164. THE FOLLY OF GODS THE WARM EMBRACE
  165. RECONCILIATION
  166. MEETING AFTER SEPARATION THE MADNESS OF PASSION
  167. THE INEXPERIENCED BRIDE 
  168. THE SLEEPING BEAUTY
  169. THE LOVER’S TRICK THE ROUGH KISS
  170. BROACHING THE SUBJECT THE SURPRISE SHE IS WILLING
  171. SOME SIGNS OF THE HAND DANCE
  172. TOILET 

And more.......


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